High Cholesterol Foods
A lot of people struggle to keep cholesterol under control, but what is it exactly? Cholesterol is found in all cells of the body and is an essential precursor to hormones and vitamin D. It also functions as a transporter, specifically in the forms of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). In fact, what we know as the total cholesterol is made up of LDL, HDL, and triglyceride. These are described below:
LDL: Known as the “bad” cholesterol (L for lousy), a high level of LDL leads to a buildup of cholesterol in the arteries, thereby increasing the chance of heart disease. Over time, cholesterol along with fat, calcium, and other substances in the blood can turn into plaque (a condition called atherosclerosis), cause blockage of blood flow to the brain or heart, and result in a stroke or a heart attack.
HDL: Considered the “good” cholesterol (H for healthy), HDL carries cholesterol from various parts of the body to the liver so that it can be broken down and cleared from the system. It is often thought of as the scavenger cholesterol. Research suggests that a low level of HDL may increase the risk of heart disease while a healthy level may protect against heart attack and stroke.
Triglycerides: This is a type of fat used to store excess energy from the diet. High levels of triglycerides in the blood are associated with atherosclerosis. Risk factors for hypertriglyceridemia include being overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol usage, and high-carbohydrate or high-sugar diet. Sometimes, underlying diseases or genetic disorders may also cause high triglycerides. Diabetics with mismanaged blood sugar tend to have high triglycerides due to high intake of carbohydrates or sugary foods.
Also read: How To Lower Cholesterol Levels With Food