The Medical Effects Of Marijuana (Weed)
Medical marijuana (weed) is used to treat chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, increase appetite in HIV patients, depression, pain and other medical conditions. It is inhaled, smoked, eaten, or applied as an oil. Medical marijuana is legal in 23 states where patients can obtain a cannabis card or medical marijuana card by prescription after assessment by a licensed physician. Medical marijuana is not regulated by the FDA and there are no large-scale studies of its safety and efficacy. However, there are many small studies evaluating its use. Sometimes researchers learn about its therapeutic benefits from weed users participating in other health studies.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one active chemical in marijuana. Marinol (dronabinol), Cesamet (nabilone), and Sativex (THC/cannabidiol) are currently approved drugs containing synthetic forms of THC. Sativex is a mouth spray used for spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis. Unlike medical marijuana, these prescription medications are highly studied and regulated by the FDA.
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